Yangon also known as Rangoon is a former capital of Myanmar and the capital of Yangon Region. Although the military government  has officially relocated the capital to Naypyidaw since March 2006, Yangon, with a population of over four million.  Although Yangon’s infrastructure is undeveloped compared to those of other major cities in Southeast Asia. While many high-rise residential and commercial buildings have been constructed or renovated throughout downtown and Greater Yangon in the past two decades, most satellite towns that ring the city continue to be deeply impoverished.

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History

Yangon was founded as Dagon in the 6th century AD by the Mon, who dominated Lower Myanmar at that time. Dagon was a small fishing village centered about the Shwedagon Pagoda. In 1755, King Alaungpaya conquered Dagon, and renamed it "Yangon". The British captured Yangon during the First Anglo-Burmese War (1824-1826) but returned it to Burmese administration after the war. The motives for the move remain unclear. Yangon remains the largest city, and the most important commercial center of Myanmar.

Geography

Yangon is located in Lower  Myanmar at the convergence of the Yangon and Bago Rivers about 30 km(19 mi) away from the Gulf of Martaban at 16°48' North, 96°09' East (16.8, 96.15).

It is a land of hills and valleys and is rimmed in the north, east and west by mountain ranges forming a giant horseshoe. Enclosed within the mountain barriers are the flat lands of Ayeyarwaddy, Chindwin and Sittaung River valleys where most of the country's agricultural land and population are concentrated.

Economy

Yangon is the country’s main center for trade, industry, real estate, media, entertainment and tourism. According to official statistics for 2010–2011.The city is Lower Myanmar’s main trading hub for all kinds of merchandise .Much of the country’s legal imports and exports go through Thilawa Port, the largest and busiest port in Myanmar. The number of visitors dipped even further following the Saffron Revolution and Cyclone Nargis.  Yangon International in 2011.

Culture

Yangon, the capital city of Myanmar, is so evergreen and cool with lush tropical trees, shady parks and beautiful lakes it has earned the name of "The Garden City of the East".  It is the hub of business activities and government offices as well as non-governmental organizations.

He changed its name to Yangon, which means "End of Strife", but was anglicized as Rangoon by the British when they annexed Myanmar in 1885. The present day Yangon covers an area of 350 sq. km with a population of over 5 million.