bagan01bagan02bagan03

History

Bagan is an ancient city located in the Mandalay Region of Myanmar. From the 9th to 13th centuries, the city was the capital of theKingdom of Pagan, the first kingdom to unify the regions that would later constitute modern Myanmar. During the kingdom's height between the 11th and 13th centuries, over 10,000 Buddhist temples, pagodas and monasteries were constructed in the Bagan plains alone, of which the remains of over 2200 temples and pagodas still survive to the present day.

Thousands of pagodas were despoiled by the invaders and vandals and the king.  Which attract and retain attention and since their foundation, have remained as places of worship.

Climate

Bagan lies in the middle of the "dry zone" of Burma, the region roughly between Shwebo in the north and Pyay in the south. The average temperatures at Bagan exceed 30°C year round and over 35°C in summer months of late February to mid May.

Geography

The Bagan Archaeological Zone, defined as the 13 x 8 km area centered on around Old Bagan, consisting of Nyaung U in the north and New Bagan in the south, lies in the vast expanse of plains in Upper Burma on the bend of the Irrawaddy River. Myanmar, or Burma, is a profoundly. From the glorious temples of Yangon and Mandalay to the timeless stilt villages of Inle Lake, immerse yourself in the enchanting culture of Myanmar.

Economy

Bagan's economy is based mainly on tourism. Because of the ongoing boycotts against tourism to the country, the Bagan region's tourism infrastructure is still quite modest by international standards. The city has a few international standard hotels and  many family-run guesthouses. Bagan is also the center of Burmese lacquer ware industry, which to a large degree depends on tourist demand. Much of the lacquer ware is destined for souvenir shops in Yangon, and to the world markets. Moreover, the lacquer ware-making process itself has become a tourist draw.

Culture

Bagan stands out not only for the sheer number of religious edifices but also for the magnificent architecture of the buildings, and their contribution to Burmese temple design. Other styles such as five-face and hybrids also exist. The one-face style grew out of 2nd centuryBeikthano, and the four-face out of 7th century Sri Ksetra. The temples, whose main features were the pointed arches and the vaulted chamber, became larger and grander in the Bagan period.